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Nepal - Wildlife Information

Nepal is one of the richest countries in the world in term of bio-diversity due to its unique geographical position and altitudinal variation. The elevation of the country ranges from 60 m at sea level to the highest point on earth, Mt. Everest at 8,848 m, all within a distance of 150 km resulting into climate condition from sub-tropical to Arctic.

Nepal-occupying only 0.1% of the earth - is home to :

  • 2% of all flowering plants in the world;
  • 8% of the world's population of birds (more then 848 species);
  • 4% of mammals on earth;
  • 11 of the world's 15 families of butterfly (more than 500 species);
  • 600 indigenous plant families;
  • 319 species of exotic orchids.

One of the major tourist attractions in Nepal is Jungle Safari:
Jungle activities here include venture into deep jungle on elephant back or four wheel drive to view wild animals in their natural habitat, canoe rides or rafting on the jungle rivers, nature walks, camping trip, bird watching, dolphin sightseeing, fishing, tiger tracking or wild elephant tracking, and village tour excursions etc.

A Rich Natural Heritage :
Thanks to Nepal's extensive and effective Parks and Reserve system, the country has managed to preserve more endangered species of flora and fauna then any other area in Asia. Nepal has nine National Parks, three Wildlife Reserves, three Conservation Areas and one Hunting Reserve, which include areas in the highest mountain in the world as well as sub-tropical lowland of the plains.

NATIONAL PARKS

  • Bardia National Park - 968 sq. km
  • Chitwan National Park - 932 sq. km (World Heritage Sites-Natural)
  • Everest National Park - 1148 sq. km (World Heritage Sites-Natural)
  • Khaptad National Park - 225 sq. km
  • Langtang National Park - 1710 sq. km
  • Makalu Barun National Park - 1500 sq. km
  • Rara National Park - 106 sq. km
  • Shey - Phoksundo National Park - 3555 sq. km
  • Shivapuri National Park - 144 sq. km

WILDLIFE RESERVES

  • Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve - 175 sq. km
  • Parsa Wildlife Reserve - 499 sq. km
  • Shuklaphanta Wildlife Reserve - 305 sq. km

HUNTING RESERVE

  • Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve - 1325 sq. km

CONSERVATION AREAS

  • Annuparna Conservation Area - 7629 sq. km
  • Kanchanjunga Conservation Area - 2035 sq. km
  • Manaslu Conservation Area - 1663 sq. km
Nepal National Parks
>>
Bardia National Park
>> Chitwan National Park
>> Everest National Park
>> Khaptad National Park
>> Langtang National Park
>> Makalu Barun National Park
>> Rara National Park
>> Shey-Phoksundo National Park
>> Shivapuri National Park
Nepal Wildlife Reserves
>>
Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve
>> parsa Wildlife Reserve
>> Shuklaphanta Wildlife Reserve
Hunting Reserves
>>

Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve

Conservation Area
>>
Annapurna Conservation Area
>> Kanchenjunga C. Area
>> Makalu Conservation Area
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