NEPAL TREKKING & EXPEDITION
 Nepal Major Trekking Areas
Everest Region
Annapurna Region
Langtang Region
Manaslu Trekking
Mustang Trekking
Dhaulagiri circuit Trek
Dolpo Phoksundo Lake Trek
Rara Lake Trekking
Ganesh Himal Trekking
Rolwaling Trekking
Kanchanjunga Trekking
Makalu Trekking
Easy Trek
  HOME
  NEPAL
  TIBET
  BHUTAN
  INDIA
Climbing Peaks
Chulu East Peak 6584m.
Kusum Kangaru Peak
Hiunchuli Peak 6441m.
Island Peak 6160m.
Mardi Himal Peak 5587m.
Mera Peak 6467m.
Nepal Expeditions
Everest Expedition
Amadablam Expedition
Mt. Baruntse Expedition
Manaslu Expedition
Pumori Expedition
Dhaulagiri Expedition
Quick Search
Nepal Trekking
Mountaineering
Expedition
Places to See
Nepal wildlife Safari
White Water Rafting
Adventure Activities
Travel Ticketing
Accommodation
Package Tours
Online Inquiry
 
Destinations
>>
Popular Cities
>>
Parks, Reserves & Conservation
>>
Rural Tourism
>>
Hill Stations
>>
UNESCO Heritage Sites
>>
Pilgrimage Sites
 
Things to do in Nepal
>>
Trekking
>>
Mountaineering
>>
Expedition
>>
Nepal Wildlife Safari
>>
White Water Rafting
>>
Adventure Tours
>>
Body, Mind, and Soul
>>
Entertainment & Sports
Travel Tips
>>
General Information
>>
How to get there
>>
Suggested Itinerary
>>
Accommodation
>>
Getting Around
>>
Tourist Police
>>
Nepal Climate
>>
People & Society
>>
Nepal Language
>>
Nepal Religions
 

Popular Divinities of Nepal

Brahma
Brahma, the self -created god of creation, is said to have created the cosmos. Brahma, in art forms, is depicted as a god having a long beard, radiant skin, wearing white robes, with four arms and at times mounted on a goose.

Legend has it that this event urged him to create a new world for himself. After the world was created he started feeling unbearably lonely, so, he created a female partner for himself with whom he fell in love at the very first sight. The female (also identified as Savitri and Saraswati), who was extremely beautiful, was awfully embarrassed because of Brahma's passionate behavior towards her. She tried to run away from Brahma, but whichever direction she tried to escape from a new head of Brahma would spring up. The female finding no other alternative sprang up toward the sky and another head of Brahma sprung up. Brahma grabbed the helpless female who was his daughter as well as wife. In this way Brahma got his five heads but it is believed that his fifth head was cut off as a punishment for his sinful affair with his wife-daughter.

Indra
Indra, traditionally regarded as the god of heaven, is the most worshipped and most popular Hindu god among the plethora of Hindu gods. The vedas describe him as the valiant fighter who destroys devils and drought and gives people rain and food. This could be the reason for his popularity. The Puranas too speak highly of Indra, often dramatizing his numerous battles against non -Aryans. Indra- Jatra is a very famous festival celebrated in order to honor Indra.

Saraswati
Saraswati, the goddess of knowledge and fine arts, is often portrayed having a pure white form seated on a full blown lotus or mounted on a hansa (swan). The hansa is often regarded as our inner-consciousness and is said to be capable of driving away Avidya or ignorance. Among her four arms the two lower arms are shown playing the veena and the upper hands are shown holding a book and a rosary. Manjushree, the Buddhist goddess of knowledge and inner- vision is also worshipped equally as Saraswati is worshipped among the Hindus.

Saraswati puja is a festival celebrated during spring by students. According to an age- old tradition a young child is introduced to the alphabets for the first time on this day.

Kumari (the living goddess)
Kumari, the virgin goddess, represents the state deity of Nepal known as Taleju and is said to be the incarnation of Kanya Kumari. A kumari candidate is selected for a highly honored Hindu temple from a Buddhist family of Shakya clan. Once she is selected, she is highly honored by both Hindus and Buddhists including the king. She is taken out of her temple to participate in several festivals. Once a Kumari attains puberty, she loses this divine status and the selection for another kumari begins and she is made to leave the temple.

The famous Kumari temple is situated right across the historical Gaddi Baithak Hall at Basantapur in Kathmandu. There are different Kumaris in Patan, Bhaktapur, Bungmati, Thimi and other Newar towns.

Hanumana
Hanumana or the monkey god is worshipped as the god of protection. He is said to be full of shakti or strength, thus, his whole body is shown to be red. He symbolizes courage, strength and loyalty. The statues of Hanumana are found in most palaces. The images of the Hanumana always show him with closed eyes. It is said that he never married and does not like seeing females, especially unmarried female. People believe that he can destroy them if he catches sight of them.

Dhyani Buddha's
The five Dhyani Buddha's- Vairochana, Akshobhaya, Rathasambhava, Amitabha and Amoghasiddhi, represent the five basic elements of which the world is made- Earth, fire, water and ether. These Buddha's, described as the progenitors of the five kulas, or families, termed as Dvesa, Moha, Raga, Chintamani and Samaya, are associated with the fulfillment of desires as well as the attainment of Nirvana. Buddhist philosophy conceives these gods to be the manifestation of Sunya or absolute void. We often find the images of the Dhyani Buddha's in Stupas. Akshobhaya is placed facing the east, Amitabha facing the west, Amoghasiddhi facing south, Ratnasambhava facing north and Vairochana in the center. Except for Vairochana, which is considered to be the preciding deity of a stupa, all the other Dhyani Buddha's are seen in meditation. In most stupas the central Buddha is either hidden or seated next to Akshobhaya.

Though there are only five Dhyani Buddha's, sometimes an additional Dhyani Budda- the Vajrasattva is also included. Vajrasattva is regarded as the priest among the Dhyani Buddha's and is seen holding a Vajra on his right hand and a ghanta(bell) on the left.

Ganesha
Ganesha, the god of good luck, wisdom and success, is a very popular deity worshipped by Both Hindus as well as Buddhist's in Nepal. The figure of Ganesha is childlike and unique as it has an elephant head, a big round belly, an exceptionally short body and four or more hands. His upper right hand holds a hook, representing the right path to follow, and the lower hand is seen holding a noose, representing self- restrain. The rosary on his third lower hand represents concentration, which is very important for the development of spiritual knowledge, and his lower four hands are in a gesture that assures his devotees fearlessness, indicating that he is the protector. A religious text describes the bulky body of Ganesha as the cosmos and his elephant-like shape as the embodiment of cosmic intelligence. A legend has it that he even broke his most valued tusk so that Vyasa, a great Hindu Vedic writer, could write the Mahabharat.

Kumara
The god Kumara, the brother of Ganesha, has six heads representing the six senses ( including the extra sensory perception).Kumara has six different names- Kartiyeka, Gangeya, Skanda, Sarvanabha, Sadahana and Subrrahmanya. Kumara. It is believed that he was born from the eye of lord Shiva. Hence, making him the eternal child of divine wisdom. However, he is also regarded as the god of welfare and divine wisdom. The worshipping of Kumara begins with the cleaning of the house with cow-dung mixed with red clay. Then a figure of a lotus with six petals is drawn with yellow rice powder and vermilion. According to Hindu Pundits, the six Chakras inherent in the human body is the medium through which Kundalini is to transfer its energy into the Samadhi or Yoga. On special festivals young boys are made the kumara and are taken out in procession. The main kumara festival is Kumara sasthi, which falls on May. On this festival cleaning of the neighborhood is an important event besides the processions.

Laxmi
Laxmi is the goddess of wealth and the consort of lord Vishnu. Laxmi is among the most worshipped of all gods and goddesses in Nepal. One of the most important festivals, among the multitude of Nepali festivals, is Laxmi puja. Laxmi puja is significant for those who celebrate it for it gives them a reason to hope for financial progress in the years to come. The celebration is usually done with elaborate preparations. Lights play a huge role during Laxmi puja since it is celebrated at night. Oil fed clay lamps are kept burning throughout the night. Laxmi puja is also known as the festival of lights.

Mahakaala
Mahakaala is one of the highly fascinating Vajrayana Buddhist deities. In art forms the deity is portrayed as dark, dwarfed and big bellied, with a mukuta or headdress with skulls set in and a garland of human heads. He holds a Kurtri (flaying knife) in his right hand and a kapala (a skull cup) on the other. He has three eyes, opened wide giving him a fierce look, and teeth dripping blood. He wears tiger skin as girdle and snakes as various ornaments. Though he looks fierce, he is said to be very kind hearted. According to Sadhanmala, a very old Buddhist text, the number of arms and heads Mahakaala would have depended on the nature of purpose he was called for. He could have one face with two, four or six arms or even eight faces with sixteen arms. It is popularly believed that his fierce look is not to scare every other person but to scare away evil.

Rato Machhendra or Bunga Dyo
The Buddhist rain-god, Bhunga dyo or Rato Machindra is also known as Karunamaya Lokeshwara (The most compassionate god of the universe). Bunga Dyo is worshipped in its male as well as female form like umaneshwara, Laxminarayan, Praynayopaya and so on. There are two temples of Machhendra, one is at Bungmati, which is about 8km away from Kathmandu and one is at Patan.

The festival of Bhunga dyo begins every year on the first day of Baishakh (March-April) and continues for a month or so. Since Nepal is an agricultural country the monsoons are very important for the Nepali's. This festival frees the farmers from worries about not getting ample amount of rain as this festival implies the worship of the rain god. During this festival a chariot carrying the Machindra is pulled and thousands of people participate.

Bheemasena
Bheemasena is one of the heroes of the Mahabharata and the god of trade and commerce. Bheemasena is portrayed in images as a red- faced deity with angry eyes and a thick black moustache. He is often shown lifting a horse in the air and pressing an elephant under his knee with a huge cobra and a lion watching in awe. This fierceness in his images is meant to symbolize his determination to kill Dushshasan, his enemy who had insulted Draupadi by trying to denude her in public.

Bheemasena is worshipped widely by Nepali traders. Several guthi's (a sort of trust) are devoted to the regular service of this deity.

One of the most remarkable statues of Bheemasena can be seen in Patan Bheemasena temple built by Shreenivas Malla in the early 18th century.

Krishna
Krishna is by far the most widely worshipped around the world. The devotees of Lord Krishna take him to be a spiritual guide, a karmayogi, a highly perfected man of good action, a supreme statesman, a protector of the poor, an eternal lover and so on. He is taken to be a versatile divinity. In art forms Krishna is depicted as a divine lover of gopinee girls. Though, his love is different from that of mortals as the single-minded devotion between the gopinee's and the lord is supposed to symbolize the single-minded devotion to god.

It is believed that Krishna could put all his devotees into a trance by playing his magic flute. In art forms he is shown holding a flute in his hand and his leg slightly bent in tribhanga mudra.This gesture represents his involvement in karma-yoga (continual action)which keeps the world in order. So, our saints call him the Karma-yogi, the highly perfected man and the god of action.

The Geeta is a divine gift of Lord Krishna for the people of the world who aspire for illuminating inner vision.

Vishnu In his various forms of incarnation

Vishnu Dharma Purana (an old Hindu text) describes Vishnu as the preserver of the universe and the upholder of Dharma. According to the Geeta, whenever lord Vishnu sees Dharma declining and the weak and innocent suffering He comes down in different forms of incarnation to undo the wrong. The different incarnations of Vishnu could be:

1. Matsya-The Fish : Manu, the and the first founder of human civilization, was saved from a terrifying flood by Vishnu in the form of a Fish. The flood is said to have been caused by Hayagriva, the most cruel sea-monster dwelling deep in the ocean with innumerable fierce marine animals.

2. Kachhap or Kurma- The tortoise : When Vishnu saw the sins of Danavas or devils weighing down the earth he assumed the form of a tortoise and dived deep into the sea to raise the earth on his back and changed the earth to its natural self.


3.Varaha- The Boar : When a demon named Hiranyakashyapa drowned the earth, Vishnu rushed to rescue the earth incarnated as a Boar (Varaha). He plunged into the water and rescued the earth by killing the demon.

4.Narasimha- man-lion : Vishnu, in this incarnation killed Hiranyakashyapa by tearing open his stomach for his attempt to kill his own son- Prahlad, the most sincere devotee of the Lord Vishnu.

5.Vamana- Dwarf Brahman : In this Avatar (incarnation) Vishnu reclaimed the earth from Mahabali, the lord of all the three worlds, by visiting Bali in this avatar and asking him to give the land measured by three steps. As soon as Bali agreed he got back to himself and in three steps covered the universe and won it.

6. Parashurama : The heroic Brahmin with a militant personality Vishnu in this form, with an axe on his right hand and a bow on the next, is said to have annihilated all the 'kshatriyas' (warrior class) in 22 battles.

7. Rama : The highly perfected human-god Vishnu incarnated as Rama, the ideal king and the here of the Ramayana, killed the king of demons- Ravana.


8. Krishna : The most widely worshipped incarnation of vishnu. This incarnation of Vishnu killed the ogress Putna when she tried to kill him by feeding him poisoned milk when he was a child. Later, Krishna subdued the most fatal cobra- Kaliya.

9.Buddha : The supreme teacher Buddha, the enlightened one, was born in Lumbini of Nepal at about 563 B.C. This incarnation of Vishnu was born to guide suffering souls to the right direction. He has taught lessons of humanity, truth and peace.

10.Kalaki or Kali ( The last incarnation ) : The last incarnation of Vishnu has yet not come, but people believe that it will appear at the end of the Kaliyug. It is believed that this incarnation of vishnu will come mounted on a horse, killing all the evil and saving only pious souls.

Nepal Information
>>
Adventurous Activities
>> Nepal Culture
>> Festivals of Nepal
>> Major Ethnic Groups
>> Musical Instruments
>> Religious Symbols
>> Popular legends
>> Popular Divinities
>> Popular Holy Sites
>> Art & Craft
>> Mice
>> Nature
Nepal Safari Packages
>>

Nepal Wildlife Tour

>> Jungle Safari in Nepal
>> Bardia Jungle Tour
>> Aqua Bird Watching Tour
>> Tiger Tracking Nepal Tour
>> Koshi Camp Bird Watching
>> Shuklaphanta Wildlife Tour
>> Highway to Nepal Wildlife
Adventure Tour Packages
>>
Mountain (Everest) Flight
>> Helicoptor Tours
>> Paragliding
>> Ballooning
>> Ultra Light Flights
>> Mountain Biking
>> Bungy Jump
>> Canyoning
>> Swing
>> Honey Hunting Tour
Package Tours
>>
Across Kingdom Tour
>> All Nepal Tour
>> Culture Heritage Tour
>> Glimpse of Kathmandu
>> Honey Hunting Tour
>> Nepal Sightseeing Tour
>> Manakamana Lumbini Tour
>> Western Nepal Tour
>> wounder Of Nepal
Adventure Tour Packages
>>
Mountain (Everest) Flight
>> Helicoptor Tours
>> Paragliding
>> Ballooning
>> Ultra Light Flights
>> Mountain Biking
>> Bungy Jump
>> Canyoning
>> Swing
>> Honey Hunting Tour
White Water Rafting Rivers
>>
General Information
>> Trishuli River Rafting
>> Kali Gandaki River Rafting
>> Karnali River Rafting
>> Marshyandgi River Rafting
>> Sunkoshi River Rafting
>> Tamur River Rafting
>> Seti River Rafting
>> Bhote Koshi river Rafting
Copyrights © rhinotreks.com, All Rights Reserved.