NEPAL TREKKING & EXPEDITION
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Climbing Peaks
Chulu East Peak 6584m.
Kusum Kangaru Peak
Hiunchuli Peak 6441m.
Island Peak 6160m.
Mardi Himal Peak 5587m.
Mera Peak 6467m.
Nepal Expeditions
Everest Expedition
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About Nepal

Nepal's acronym of Never Ending Peace And Love, does well to characterise this nation of good natured and accommodating people; a land of majestic Himalayan scenery comprising eight of the world's ten highest mountains, including Mt Everest: the uppermost place on earth at 29,029ft (8,848m).

Situated between India and Tibet, the Kingdom of Nepal is filled with as many different ethnic groups, customs and traditions as it is diverse in geography. From the hot Indian plains and steamy southern Tarai lowlands, the terrain crosses the Kathmandu Valley and rises to the frozen heights of the Himalayan peaks towards the Tibetan plateau known as the 'roof of the world'. Spread across these varied altitudes are communities of colourful cultures and people (many untouched by modern development), animated cities and towns, and far-flung mountain villages. Life here revolves around an intricate intermingling of ancient Hindu and Buddhist religious rituals. Numerous festivals are celebrated throughout the year coloured by a diversity of religious and tribal traditions. The capital of Kathmandu brings an assortment of these different societies together into a vibrant collection of brilliant sights and exotic smells, with modern shops co-existing with street sellers, while pyramidal Buddhist temples, holy Sadhus of the Hindu faith and medieval palace squares fill the urban landscape.

Nepal is well endowed with glorious scenery - verdant terraced valleys, rushing rivers and ice-blue lakes that originate in the 'abode of snows', or Himalayas. The uplifting sight of soaring mountains is a magnet for mountaineers and trekkers, offering some of the greatest challenges and most scenic walking opportunities on earth. Its diverse terrain offers tremendous opportunities for adventurous activities, and although mountain climbing and trekking are the most popular, there is also superb white-water rafting on steep mountain rivers, as well as elephant-back safaris or tiger tracking in the Royal Chitwan and Royal Bardia National Parks situated within the jungles of the southern Tarai belt.

Nepal has many attractions, but the essence of the country is its smiling, friendly people with their heartfelt palm-pressed greetings, and together with its inspiring scenery, this beguiling kingdom is a place where one visit is usually not enough to satisfy the captivated traveller.

TOPOGRAPHY
Roughly rectangular in shape, the Kingdom of Nepal is sandwiched between China to the north and India to the south. Nepal contains the world’s tallest peaks, while the fertile plains to the south, known as the Terai, lie at almost sea level. In between the plains, which are interspersed with tropical jungles teeming with wildlife, and the high mountains, lie lush hills and valleys. More than 80% of the people live off the land, while tourism, carpets and garments are its main industries.

ETHNIC MILIEU
Nepal’s 23 million people belong to dozens of ethnic groups. If the Newars are indigenous to the Kathmandu Valley, the sturdy Sherpas, known for their climbing skills, inhabit the Everest region. Brahmins and Chhetris are scattered across the hills and valleys while the Tamangs live in the hills surrounding the Kathmandu Valley. Also inhabiting the hills are the Gurungs, Limbus, Magars and Rais of the Gurkha fame. The Terai is home to the Maithili, Bhojpuri and Tharu people.

LANGUAGE
Nepal’s different communities speak different languages and dialects, but Nepali is the national language, and it serves as the lingua franca of its people. In this linguistic diversity, there are six languages - Nepali, Maithili, Bhojpuri, Tharu, Tamang and Nepal Bhasa - which are spoken by more than half a million people as a mother tongue. In the urban areas and places frequented by tourists, people understand Hindi and English.

RELIGION
The majority of the people follow either Hinduism or Buddhism, which since ages past have co-existed in harmony in Nepal. Some of the most sacred pilgrimage sites for Hindus are located here, while the Buddha was born in Lumbini, which lies to the southwest of Kathmandu.

ART AND CULTURE
Straddling the trans-Himalayan trade routes, Nepal has been exposed to varied cultural influences throughout history. The kingdom’s diverse heritage is mainly religious in character. In the Kathmandu Valley, which is a center of cultural excellence, the traditional art, architecture, music, dance and festivals are all expressions of religious devotion. Art consists of scroll paintings, murals, carvings and statues depicting sacred themes. Folk music and dances are linked to the agricultural cycle.

CLIMATE
Because of its differing elevation, Nepal offers varied climatic conditions - from the tropical heat in the Terai to the freezing cold in the mountains. In the mid-hills, particularly Kathmandu, the climate is temperate with warm summers and cool winters. Temperatures range from a maximum of 37 to a minimum of 8 degrees Celsius in the plains, 28 to 2 degrees in the Kathmandu Valley, and between 16 and -6 degrees in the mountains. From June to August is the rainy season.

WHAT TO WEAR
Light, loose garments are recommended in spring and summer, while woolens and jackets or similar warm clothing are needed from November to February.

MONEY
Banks here accept major international currencies as well as the Indian rupee. The Nepalese currency is the rupee (Rs.), which is made up of 100 paisa. The Nepalese rupee comes in denominations of Rs. 1,000, 500, 250, 100, 50, 25, 10, 5, 2 and 1. When traveling outside the major city areas, carry smaller notes. At the time of going to press, the exchange rate was US$ 1 = Rs. 70.

CULTURAL CONSIDERATIONS
When visiting a temple, always circumambulate it in a clockwise direction. Entrance to some temples is restricted, so look out for such signs. Refrain from touching the images or the offerings, and don’t climb on the statues to pose for photographs. Always ask for permission to photograph or film personal ceremonies. If you have been invited to a Nepalese home, it is customary to take your shoes off before entering the room. Showing affection in public is frowned upon in Nepal.

NEPAL OCCUPYING ONLY 0.1% OF THE EARTH - IS HOME TO

  • 2% of all the flowering plants in the world
  • 8% of the world's population of birds (more than 848 species)
  • 4% of mammals on earth
  • 11 of the world's 15 families of butterflies (more than 500 species)
  • 600 indigenous plant families
  • 319 species of exotic orchids
Nepal Information
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Adventurous Activities
>> Nepal Culture
>> Festivals of Nepal
>> Major Ethnic Groups
>> Musical instruments
>> Religious Symbols
>> Popular legends
>> Popular Divinities
>> Popular Holy Sites
>> Art & Craft
>> Mice
>> Nature
Adventure Tour Packages
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Mountain (Everest) Flight
>> Helicoptor Tours
>> Paragliding
>> Ballooning
>> Ultra Light Flights
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>> Bungy Jump
>> Honey Hunting Tour
 
Package Tours
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Across Kingdom Tour
>> All Nepal Tour
>> Culture Heritage Tour
>> Glimpse of Kathmandu
>> Honey Hunting Tour
>> Nepal Sightseeing Tour
>> Manakamana Lumbini Tour
>> Western Nepal Tour
>> wounder Of Nepal
Nepal Safari Packages
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Nepal Wildlife Tour

>> Jungle Safari in Nepal
>> Bardia Jungle Tour
>> Aqua Bird Watching Tour
>> Tiger Tracking Nepal Tour
>> Koshi Camp Bird Watching
>> Shuklaphanta Wildlife Tour
>> Highway to Nepal Wildlife
White Water Rafting Rivers
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General Information
>> Trishuli River Rafting
>> Kali Gandaki River Rafting
>> Karnali River Rafting
>> Marshyandgi River Rafting
>> Sunkoshi River Rafting
>> Tamur River Rafting
>> Seti River Rafting
>> Bhote Koshi river Rafting
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